FIRAZYR is the first and only subcutaneous treatment in Europe for acute HAE attacks approved for children aged 2 years and older
Zug, Switzerland – October 26, 2017 – Shire plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPG), the global leader in serving patients with rare diseases, announced today that the European Commission (EC) has approved a label extension granting a new indication for FIRAZYR® (icatibant injection), broadening its use to adolescents and children aged 2 years and older, with hereditary angioedema (HAE) caused by C1-esterase-inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency. FIRAZYR has been approved in the European Union (EU) since 2008 for symptomatic treatment of acute attacks of HAE in adults with C1-INH deficiency.1
HAE is a rare genetic disease characterized by recurrent attacks of localized oedema (swelling).2, 3 The areas of the body most commonly affected are the extremities, gastrointestinal tract and, less frequently, HAE can cause life-threatening attacks due to obstruction in the upper airways.2, 3, 4 Symptoms of HAE often present in childhood, and while attacks can occur at any age, early onset may predict a more severe disease course.5
“As a long-term partner to the HAE community, we understand the unique burden this disease places on children living with HAE and their caregivers,” said Jennifer Schranz, Global Development Lead, HAE, Shire. “This approval in Europe demonstrates our unwavering commitment to helping patients and represents a significant advance for paediatric patients, who now have a subcutaneous treatment option for acute HAE attacks.”
The use of FIRAZYR in paediatric patients was studied in an open label, non-randomised single-arm study, involving 32 paediatric patients with HAE.6 The efficacy population consisted of 11 children and 11 adolescents with attacks. The primary efficacy endpoint was time to onset of symptom relief (TOSR) based on the investigator-assessed composite post-treatment symptom score, defined as earliest time post-treatment when 20% or more improvement in the composite symptom score was achieved, without worsening of any single component score.6
Overall, median TOSR was 1.0 hour, with no differences between children and adolescents. More than 70% of patients experienced symptom relief at 1.1 hours, and more than 90% by 2 hours post-treatment.6
The majority of paediatric patients who were treated with subcutaneous FIRAZYR experienced injection site reactions such as erythema, swelling, burning sensation, skin pain and itching/pruritus; these were found to be mild to moderate in severity and consistent with reactions that have been reported in adults.6
The study showed FIRAZYR was well tolerated and demonstrated rapid resolution of symptoms during an HAE attack through a single injection.6 The study that led to this approval is the first and only trial investigating a subcutaneous therapy in the HAE paediatric population.
“Due to the unpredictable and debilitating nature of HAE attacks, children living with the condition can benefit from having a new treatment option that can provide symptomatic relief of acute HAE attacks with a subcutaneous injection,” said Henrik Balle Boysen, Executive Director of HAEi. “Clinical work to bring treatment options to younger patients is vitally important and greatly appreciated by the global HAE community.”
FIRAZYR will be available for use in paediatric patients in Europe beginning in Q4.
About Hereditary Angioedema
HAE is a rare, genetic disorder estimated to affect about one in 10,000 to one in 50,000 people worldwide and results in recurring attacks of oedema (swelling).7, 8
Management of HAE includes on-demand treatment of swelling attacks to minimise the consequences of the symptoms, and pre-procedure prevention, which is often used before certain surgeries and to cover other periods of high risk of attack (such as stressful times including school examinations, for example). Long-term prophylaxis (the routine use of medication to prevent episodes of angioedema) may be considered for severely symptomatic patients with HAE.7
FIRAZYR Paediatric Study Results6
The use of FIRAZYR in paediatric patients was studied in an open label, non-randomised single-arm study (HGT-FIR-086). A total of 32 paediatric patients with HAE (11 children with an attack, 11 adolescents with an attack and 10 adolescents without an attack) were treated with FIRAZYR during the study. FIRAZYR was administered by subcutaneous injection at a dose of 0.4 mg/kg based on body weight to a maximum dose of 30 mg. The majority of patients were followed up for a minimum of 6 months.
The primary efficacy endpoint was time to onset of symptom relief (TOSR) based on the investigator-assessed composite post-treatment symptom score, defined as earliest time post-treatment when 20% or more improvement in the composite symptom score was achieved, without worsening of any single component score. An additional efficacy endpoint was time to minimum symptoms (TTMS), defined as earliest time post-treatment when all symptoms were mild or absent (clinical remission).
Overall, median TOSR was 1.0 hour. More than 70% of patients experienced symptom relief at 1.1 hours, and more than 90% by 2 hours post-treatment. Overall, the median TTMS was 1.1 hours. Approximately 50% of patients reached minimum symptoms at 1 hour, and 80% at 2 hours post-treatment.
The majority of paediatric patients who were treated with subcutaneous FIRAZYR experienced injection site reactions such as erythema, swelling, burning sensation, skin pain and itching/pruritus; these were found to be mild to moderate in severity and consistent with reactions that have been reported in adults. Two paediatric patients experienced injection site reactions which were assessed as severe and which were completely resolved within 6 hours. These reactions were erythema, swelling, burning and warm sensation. There is limited data on the treatment of more than one HAE attack with FIRAZYR in the paediatric population.
Shire’s Commitment to Hereditary Angioedema
Shire is a dedicated, long-term partner to the HAE community with nearly a decade of experience supporting patients. We believe each patient deserves a right-fit approach to treatment and are committed to serial innovation. Our existing portfolio of products includes distinct therapy options to help meet the needs of our patients with HAE. Beyond our focus on developing novel treatments, we provide specialized services and support offerings tailored to the HAE community. Learn more at shire.com.
FIRAZYR is indicated in Europe for symptomatic treatment of acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in adults, adolescents and children aged 2 years and older, with C1-esterase-inhibitor deficiency.
The active substance, icatibant, is a specific bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist. It represents a novel, targeted, subcutaneously-administered approach to the treatment of HAE attacks designed to block the effects of bradykinin, the key mediator of oedema formation. FIRAZYR is a synthetic decapeptide (a peptide containing ten amino acids).
For patients who have never previously received FIRAZYR, the first treatment should be given in a medical institution or under the guidance of a physician. In cases of insufficient relief or recurrence of symptoms after treatment with FIRAZYR, patients should seek medical advice, and subsequent doses should be given in a medical institution. The decision to initiate self-administration should only be taken by a physician experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of HAE.
Patients with laryngeal attacks should always seek medical advice and be managed in an appropriate medical institution after self-administration of FIRAZYR, until the physician considers discharge to be safe.
Icatibant has an orphan drug designation status in the EU for treatment of hereditary angioedema. Where commercially available, the drug is supplied in a pre-filled 3 ml syringe. FIRAZYR can be stored at up to 25 degrees Celsius without refrigeration.
FIRAZYR is not available in all countries and prescribing information may differ between countries. Please consult your local prescribing information.
Important Safety Information in Europe
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.
Warnings and Precautions
Laryngeal attacks: Patients with laryngeal attacks should be managed in an appropriate medical institution after injection until the physician considers discharge to be safe.
Ischemic heart disease: Under ischemic conditions, a deterioration of cardiac function and a decrease in coronary blood flow could theoretically arise from antagonism of bradykinin receptor type 2. Caution should therefore be observed in the administration of FIRAZYR to patients with acute ischemic heart disease or unstable angina pectoris.
Stroke: Although there is evidence to support a beneficial effect of B2 receptor blockade immediately following a stroke, there is a theoretical possibility that icatibant may attenuate the positive late phase neuroprotective effects of bradykinin. Accordingly, caution should be observed in the administration of icatibant to patients in the weeks following a stroke.
Caregiver/Self-administration: For patients who have never received FIRAZYR previously, the first treatment should be given in a medical institution or under the guidance of a physician. In case of insufficient relief or recurrence of symptoms after self- treatment or administration by a caregiver, it is recommended that the patient or caregiver should seek medical advice. For adults, subsequent doses given for the same attack should be administered within a medical institution. There are no data on administering subsequent doses for the same attack in adolescents and children. Patients experiencing a laryngeal attack should always seek medical advice and be observed in a medical institution also after having taken the injection at home.
Almost all subjects who were treated with subcutaneous icatibant in clinical trials developed reactions at the site of injection (characterised by skin irritation, swelling, pain, itchiness, erythema, burning sensation). These reactions were generally mild to moderate in severity, transient, and resolved without further intervention.
(frequency ≥1/10): Injection site reaction*.
(≥1/100 to <1/10): Dizziness, headache, nausea, rash, erythema, pruritus, pyrexia, increased transaminases.
* Injection site bruising, Injection site hematoma, Injection site burning, Injection site erythema, Injection site hypoesthesia, Injection site irritation, Injection site numbness, Injection site edema, Injection site pain, Injection site pressure sensation, Injection site pruritus, Injection site swelling, Injection site urticaria, and Injection site warmth.
Paediatric Population: The majority of paediatric patients (8 children aged 2 to 11 and 24 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years) who were treated with subcutaneous icatibant experienced injection site reactions such as erythema, swelling, burning sensation, skin pain and itching/pruritus; these were found to be mild to moderate in severity and consistent with reactions that have been reported in adults. Two paediatric patients experienced injection site reactions which were assessed as severe and which were completely resolved within 6 hours. These reactions were erythema, swelling, burning and warm sensation.
No clinically significant changes in reproductive hormones were observed during clinical studies.
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