Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are diseases that inflame the lining of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and disrupt the body’s ability to digest food, absorb nutrition and eliminate waste in a healthy manner. They are the most common forms of a group of conditions that are collectively referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and affect in in every 150 Canadians.
Ulcerative colitis typically affects colon (large intestine), including the rectum and anus and inflames only the innermost lining of bowel tissue. It almost always starts at the rectum, extending upwards in a continuous manner through the colon.
People with ulcerative colitis experience severe and bloody diarrhea, false urges to have a bowel movement, abdominal pain and cramping, nausea and vomiting, decreased appetite, weight loss, mild fever, anemia and loss of body fluids.
Ulcerative colitis can be controlled with medication and in severe cases, surgical removal of the colon as a treatment for the disease may be recommended.
This information from Crohn’s and Colitis Canada is available here.