Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or your body does not properly use the insulin it makes. Insulin helps control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood, so when this problem occurs, glucose builds up instead of being used for energy. Glucose comes from foods like bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, milk and fruit.
People with type 2 diabetes can live a long and healthy life by keeping their blood glucose (sugar) levels in the target range set by their healthcare provider. This can be done by:
If these methods are not enough, insulin and other medications can be prescribed by a doctor to achieve the necessary target levels.
This information from Diabetes Canada is available here.